Is CFC Flammable? 

This article will answer the question, is CFC flammable? It also covers several topics about what is CFC, what its properties are, its applications, and What are the Health Consequences of Chlorofluorocarbons?

Is CFC flammable?

No, CFC is not flammable. CFCs are a class of inert, nontoxic, nonflammable, and readily manufactured liquid compounds based on hydrocarbon structures with chlorine and fluorine atoms replacing several or all of the hydrogen atoms.

What exactly is a CFC?

Chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) is an acronym for chlorofluorocarbon. A chlorofluorocarbon, or comercially known as Freon, is made up of the components carbon-carbon bonds, carbon-fluorine bonds, and carbon-chloride bonds. 

The latter is the site of hydroxyl radical reactivity in the troposphere. They are hydrogen (H), carbon (C), fluorine (F), and chlorine (Cl)  halogenated hydrocarbons generated as volatile derivatives of propane, ethane, and methane. 

Ozone-depleting substances refer to CFCs and other similar molecules.

What are the properties of CFC?

CFCs are inflammable gaseous substances that are colorless, odorless, and nontoxic. With a bit of pressure, they can be converted to liquids.

Chloro-fluorocarbon has the following physical properties:

  • The molecular weight of this compound is 187.38. (Freon-113)
  • The temperature at which water boils: 47.70°C
  • Melting point: -36.4°C 
  • Water solubility: 170 mg/l at 250°C
  • CFCs are good physical blowing agents in creating plastic foam because of their chemical qualities, which make them ideal propellants.
  • CFC gases expand at average temperature, are insoluble in molten plastic polymer, and do not react with it.

What are some of the uses for CFCs?

Because of its low toxicity, reactivity, and flammability, CFCs are used in a variety of applications.

Every possible combination of fluorine, chlorine, and hydrogen based on methane and ethane has been studied, and the majority of them have been commercially viable.

As a precursor to tetrafluoroethylene, the monomer that generates Teflon, billions of kilograms of chlorodifluoromethane are produced each year. Degreasing solvents and medicinal propellants are just two examples. 

Because of their tendency to deplete the ozone layer in the atmosphere, CFCs have been prohibited in recent years.

CFCs can also be used in the following ways:

  • Air conditioners, refrigerators, and other appliances use it as a refrigerant.
  • Aerosol, propellant gas, hairspray, perfume, plastic foam, and other similar products are manufactured.
  • CFC gases are generally stable molecules used in air conditioners, freezers, refrigerators, and other household equipment as refrigerant gases.
  • Blowing agent for plastics that are resistant to fire (polystyrene foam).
  • Electronic cleaning solvent.
  • In spray cans, it is used as fuel.

What are the Health Consequences of Chlorofluorocarbons?

When it is inhaled, CFCs have an effect on the central nervous system that result in heart rhythm and extremely can cause mortality. It can leads to dizziness, headaches, tremors, and convulsion. These are all indications of intoxication, which is similar to that caused by alcohol. 

Besides, excessive exposure to CFCs can result in asphyxiation. Its leak can induce skin frosbite but not been related to cancer. If consumed, CFCs can cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and other digestive problems.

Conclusion

CFCs are inert, nontoxic, nonflammable, and quickly produced liquid compounds based on hydrocarbon structures with chlorine and fluorine atoms replacing some or all hydrogen atoms. 

CFCs are used in a wide range of applications. If you have any questions, you can post them in the comments section. We’ll get back to you as soon as we can.

Frequently Asked Question (FAQs): Is CFC Flammable?

Is chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) a greenhouse gas?

GHG includes HFCs and CFCs. Greenhouse gases are expected to have increased the earth’s temperature by 2.5 to 8 degrees Fahrenheit by the end of the century.

What is the effect of CFC on the ozone layer?

When gaseous CFCs climb slowly into the stratosphere, solid UV radiation decomposes them, generating chlorine atoms, which subsequently mix with ozone molecules, depleting the ozone layer.

Why are CFCs banned?

The ozone layer was preserved by a worldwide ban on ozone-depleting chemicals, which also avoided a significant increase in global temperature. 

A worldwide ban on ozone-depleting compounds in 1987 prevented a disastrous rise in the amount of UV reaching the Earth’s surface.

Citations

https://www.cfc.com.au/about/health-and-safety/
https://sc.edu/about/offices_and_divisions/ehs/occupational_and_environmental_safety/environmental_management/chlorofluorocarbon_appliance_repair/index.php
https://www.epa.gov/snap/refrigerant-safety

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