Is cbd oil flammable? (A comprehensive guide)

In this article we will answer the following question: “Is cbd oil flammable?”, and also others regarding the chemical substance. We also present some important information regarding the benefits and risks of CBD, as well as the hazards of CBD extraction.

Is cbd oil flammable?

The short answer is: probably yes. It all depends on the solvents still present in the final product. Commonly, Cannabidiol extractions require the use of organic solvents, which are normally very flammable.

What is CBD?

CBD is a slang and word abbreviation for  Cannabidiol. It is one of the cannabinoid chemical molecules that can be found in the Cannabis Sativa plant.

Normally, the cultivar used in industries for medicinal purposes is the Hemp plant, which contains more CBD and less tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).

THC is the psychoactive cannabinoid in cannabis that promulgates the sensation of getting high. CBD, although, can’t get you high. 

CBD has been pointed out globally as a medicinal substance because of its pain relief properties, its capability of reducing anxiety symptoms, and its usefulness in the treatment of epilepsy.

CBD forms

Official CBD oils can be sold in three forms: 

  • Pure. This means that CBD was isolated using several chemical reactions until it reached almost 100% purity. The purer, the more expensive the oil is.
  • Full-spectrum CBD. In this case, all available cannabinoids were extracted from the plant, including THC, flavonoids, and terpenes. Normally is the cheapest choice;
  • Broad-spectrum CBD. In this case, all cannabinoids were extracted but THC was excised later on, so the oil doesn’t get psychoactive or is considered an illegal substance.

CBD benefits

CBD can help with local and chronic pain and has antioxidant properties.

In the cannabis plant, CBD is a secondary metabolite used by the plant as a defense mechanism against environmental stress like dehydration, radiation, pathogens, and predation.

CBD produces effects on the endocannabinoid system (ECS), which plays important roles in the central nervous system. 

In medicine, synaptic transmission malfunction is the most important mechanism in which neural disorders take place.

The most common cannabinoid receptors are called CB1 and CB2, but many others are part as well.

Perturbations in ECS are involved in many psychiatric disorders like schizophrenia, depression, and anxiety.

CBD is considered to be a great candidate in the treatment of such disorders since it can produce biological effects through interaction with receptors such as CB1 and CB2. 

Many specific data from the metabolic pathways that explain how CBD works are still unknown to this date, but global raw data shows that positive clinical suggestions are in agreement with the user experiences.

According to this study, CBD oil can help against the following conditions:

  • Chronic pain
  • Arthritis
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Sleep Disorders
  • Headaches
  • Alzheimer’s Disease
  • Parkinson’s Disease
  • Post-traumatic disorders
  • Nausea
  • Cancer
  • Allergies
  • Asthma
  • Seizure Disorders
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Lung Conditions

CBD risks

Many studies have shown benefits from the use of CBD. 

But further studies are still required to correctly assess risks and side effects. CBD could interact with other medications, it might not be indicated to certain groups of people or under specific circumstances like pregnancy.

These information are simply not available because they are yet to be investigated.

Since studying cannabis is still illegal in most countries, this may take more time.

What is THC?

THC stands for tetrahydrocannabinol. Is a chemical compound found in the most common forms of Cannabis sativa

The THC can create a mind-altered state of consciousness. Among the most common effects of it, we can cite elation, pleasant drowsy feelings, intense joy, a heightened awareness of sounds and colors, paranoia, depression, laziness, and hallucinations.

It is a pharmacologic active secondary metabolite of plants, which often assumes a form of lipid.

Once absorbed, THC can travel through the bloodstream all the way through the brain, where it can be attached to specific neurotransmitters in certain parts of the brain that are associated with thinking, memory, coordination, and pleasure.

THC can also act as a mild antioxidant, protecting neurons from oxidative stress

CBD extraction

CBD can be extracted from many means. The way the extraction is handled and the final product is assembled will determine if the resulting cbd oil is flammable or not.

Optimally extracting CBD is still a major problem for both industries and individuals. Organic solvents used are often hazardous, with a high risk of flammability and explosion.

Keep in mind that if you plan to extract CBD at home, it is a dangerous task that shouldn’t be encouraged. Besides, even if marijuana and CBD are legal in your country or state, extracting CBD probably isn’t.

Part of this reason is that it’s a risky task that could possibly endanger yourself and others.

Since cannabis compounds are lipidic, oils are required for the extraction.

In chemistry, similar molecules interact better with other compounds that have similar characteristics. Organic molecules, therefore, require organic solvents to be extracted. The problem is that most organic solvents are flammable, so the danger is imminent.

Even though CBD extraction has just recently become popular, other kinds of organic extractions have been made for centuries. 

Industries already know how to safely handle organic solvents. Factories and labs have extensive regulations that must be followed so their business can remain open, while residences simply can’t have it.

CBD flammability

If one of the constituents in the ingredients list of a CBD oil compound is an organic solvent, then the whole product is very flammable.

Examples of organic solvents (it could also be something similar to them):

  • ethanol 
  • hexane
  • propanone
  • isopropyl alcohol
  • acetone
  • butane
  • methanol
  • propanol

Nearly anything that ends with “ol”, “ane”, or “one”.

Many safety measures can be implemented according to the service executed by an industry, which includes but are not limited to:

  • Exhaustion: When dealing with volatile compounds, exhaustion is essential. The vapors could be hazardous to human health, and to the environment, they could be flammable or even create an explosion.
  • The local must be built or adapted to provide adequate means of escaping, when in danger.
  • Specific electrical components and wiring should be used since sparks can ignite flammable vapors.
  • Chemical reactants must be stored and handled according to standard safety measures.
  • Smoke detectors, sprinklers, fire extinguishers, and other means to avoid, alarm, and suppress a fire should be implemented.
  • The materials in the interior must be fireproof or fire-retardant.
  • The entrance should be free to the fire brigade.
  • The personnel must be trained constantly. Must know about the risks involved in the facility, where they are, how to avoid and what to do in case of an accident.

For domestic purposes, the conditions mentioned below can’t be obtained as a whole. It is never safe to use organic solvents at home.

There are also other new forms of extraction that do not use organic solvent, you can check one here. This site also shows some interesting extractions.

Conclusion

CBD is normally extracted from the Hemp plant. Oil CBD that uses organic solvents during the production tends to be very flammable because it still carries the solvent along. There are many risks involved in extracting CBD in non-controlled environments.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQS): Is cbd oil flammable?

Is THC oil flammable?

It depends on the product, but probably yes if it contains organic solvents such as hexane, propanol, ethanol, propanone, or similar ones.

Will CBD get you high?

No. CBD isn’t psychoactive, only THC is. An oil CBD could get you high if it was obtained from the psychoactive form of Cannabis sativa. The Hemp cultivar has only a small quantity of THC.

Does CBD oil work?

Many scientific and empirical data points out that CBD oil is useful in the treatment of pain, anxiety, and epilepsy, among other conditions.

Can I vape cbd?

There’s still not enough data about the dangers of vapes. But judging by the point of view of the extraction, a standard vaper that uses propylene glycol or glycerin as carriers should face no trouble to vaporize CBD.

What are the best types of CBD products?

It depends on your goals. If you don’t wish to feel “high” you should avoid products that contain THC. It is not possible to determine if a product is safe if it isn’t licensed, because it hadn’t undergone safety trials.

Can I extract CBD from home?

It’s not impossible, there are simple methods of extraction that could be made at home. But it’s probably going to be very dangerous and there’s a big chance that it’s illegal in your country, even if marijuana isn’t.

References

Lu, Hui-Chen, and Ken Mackie. “An Introduction to the Endogenous Cannabinoid System.” Biological psychiatry vol. 79,7 (2016): 516-25. doi:10.1016/j.biopsych.2015.07.028

Corroon, Jamie, and Joy A Phillips. “A Cross-Sectional Study of Cannabidiol Users.” Cannabis and cannabinoid research vol. 3,1 152-161. 1 Jul. 2018, doi:10.1089/can.2018.0006

WONGWAILIKHIT, Kanda; JIRATCHAYA, J. Comparison of the two common solvents for THC and CBD extractions. Proc. 7th World Congr. Mech. Chem. Mater. Eng, p. 1-7, 2021.

Pate DW (1994). “Chemical ecology of Cannabis”. Journal of the International Hemp Association. 2 (29): 32–37

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/317221#how-to-use-cbd
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hemp

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