Is asphalt flammable?

This blog post will answer the question, “Is asphalt flammable” and cover topics like the flammability of asphalt, and frequently asked questions related to the topic.

Is asphalt flammable?

Yes, asphalt is flammable,  it will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames. 

The Most Dangerous Aspects of Dealing with Asphalt

There are some risks linked with using asphalt. One is the possibility of a fire or explosion. Inhaling asphalt fumes is also a significant concern. Skin or eye contact may also be hazardous to one’s health. Let’s look at each of these dangers in more detail:

  • Explosion: Because of the high temperatures at which asphalt is kept and handled, as well as the fact that it is mostly made up of crude oil, it poses a substantial fire threat. It might catch fire because of the high temperatures, particularly if it comes into touch with a spark, a fire, or another ignition source.
  • Inhalation: Inhaling asphalt fumes may irritate the nose, throat, and lungs, probably leading to throat infection or cough, as well as more long-term health concerns such as emphysema. If breathed, some asphalt mixtures may cause disorientation and internal organ damage. Inhaling asphalt has also been connected to the development of various malignancies.
  • Body exposure (skin burns): Because asphalt is kept and handled at high temps, it’s critical to keep it away from your flesh. Failure to do so may result in severe burns and other skin problems. Additionally, asphalt fumes or asphalt particles might hurt your eyes. Workers should find the on-site eyewash facility and flush their eyes for at least 10 min if asphalt comes into contact with their eyes.

Health Hazards

As mentioned before, exposure to asphalt may cause a range of health problems. Headaches, dizziness, and exhaustion are just a few of the side effects of inhalation. Burns, allergies, and the risk of cancer are all possible side effects of skin exposure. Irritation of the throat and eyes are other typical side effects of exposure. 

The good news is that ensuring that you’re using the proper PPE will help you avoid any health problems. The following section discusses what personal protective equipment (PPE) you should use while dealing with asphalt.

What You Should Know About Asphalt Personal Protective Equipment?

As we said in the last section, wearing the right PPE may help to reduce or even eliminate health concerns. Here’s what you should wear while dealing with this material to keep yourself safe:

  • Gloves: Gloves must be thermally shielded to prevent asphalt from coming into touch with your skin, which might cause it to burn or irritate it. Cloth or leather gloves, for example, will not suffice since asphalt might permeate these porous materials.
  • Coveralls acquire their name from the fact that they “cover everything.” And this is crucial for avoiding any asphalt contact with your body. If you don’t have coveralls, be sure to cover as much of your body as possible with a long sleeve shirt and slacks.
  • Eyeglasses or face cover: Eye protection, such as a face cover or safety glasses, is also necessary while dealing with asphalt. Eye protection is provided by safety glasses, but if you want to cover your complete face, you might consider wearing a full-face shield.
  • Respirator: Finally, wearing a fit-tested respirator is a great way to stop breathing in any potentially hazardous asphalt fumes. A respirator, rather than a dust mask, will provide adequate protection. When dealing with asphalt in limited or enclosed spaces, it’s extremely necessary to wear the proper respiratory protection.

A major safety precaution was already mentioned in the preceding section: having the proper PPE on hand and wearing it carefully to avoid bodily exposure. However, there are several additional things you can and should do on the job to guarantee adequate safety. 

Let’s take a deeper look at a few of these metrics:

Recognize your employment site: A discussion of where to locate key emergency safety equipment should be included in each worksite orientation. In the case of asphalt igniting, for example, you’ll want to know where the extinguisher is. It’s also a good idea to keep track of where the eyewash unit is in case you need to flush your eyes. It’s critical to be prepared and know how to respond to any potential asphalt problem to keep your site as secure as possible. Before any personnel is allowed to work on the site, make sure they get a complete site safety orientation.

Read the MSDS / SDS: The Material Safety Data Sheet is a document that informs employees about a product’s constituents as well as any possible health risks. This is crucial to comprehend for many reasons. To begin with, asphalt is mixed with a solvent to make it more liquid-like. However, the toxicity of the solvent(s) with which it is combined varies widely. It’s critical to understand what your asphalt mixture has been “cut” with to understand the possible health risks. The MSDS might assist you in comprehending these dangers.

Mix in an enclosed place: Mixing asphalt in an enclosed environment is preferable to mixing asphalt in an open pot. Workers may be exposed to gases, which raises the danger of a fire.

Avoid eating or drinking anything near the asphalt: Establish a separate space far from where asphalt is mixed and applied so that whatever employees eat is unlikely to be polluted with asphalt or asphalt fumes. It’s also crucial that employees wash their hands thoroughly before ingesting anything. It’s also not a good idea to smoke near asphalt.

Cut asphalt using aggregates that are better for your health: If possible, combine asphalt with environmentally acceptable aggregates that don’t emit hazardous fumes. When combined with suitable PPE, the asphalt poses even less of a threat.

In addition, employees must be aware of the symptoms and signs of asphalt consumption or exposure so that they may seek treatment and rectify any difficulties before they become more serious.

As you can see, persons who deal with asphalt face several major risks. This is why having the proper PPE and safety measures in place is critical for worker safety and overall productivity.

The asphalt fumes’ explosive danger

Many of the asphalt materials we use daily are utilized at temperatures that are higher than their flashpoints. The flashpoint is the temperature at which the vapors created will catch fire if a source of ignition is present.

Because of the combustible nature of asphalt fumes and the potential for rapid, intense flames, we suggest the following safety measures:

  • Position the tank broadside to the air while heating asphalt in a transportation tank, distributor, or tack trunk.
  • Before igniting the burners, make sure the heating flues are covered with at least six inches of asphalt.
  • Spraying asphalt when the burners are on is never a good idea.
  • Keep all ignition sources away from manholes and container vents.
  • Maintain clean and open vent pipes.
  • If a tank is leaking, do not operate or weld on it.

I will now elaborate on the guidance given above.

Position the tank broadside to the air while heating asphalt in a transportation tank, distributor, or tack trunk.

If there are any combustible vapors in the tank, they must leave via the vent pipe. The vent pipe usually exits the asphalt tank at the bottom. By placing the tank perpendicular to the wind, the vapors will be securely dispersed away from the vehicle burners and other ignition sources. 

The wind may transfer vapors to the rear burners or other sources of ignition near the engine if the tank is positioned facing the air or with its back to the air. Flammable fumes may gather in combustible quantities if the asphalt tank is heated in a confined space.

Before igniting the burners, make sure the heating flues are covered with at least six inches of asphalt.

The asphalt around the heating flues will be overheated if the flues are not appropriately protected. There will be flammable fumes created. The temperature of the air conditioners will be raised over their flashpoint. Emulsions will be fractured and heated over their base asphalt’s flashpoint. The flue pipe might be heated to a temperature high enough to provide an ignition source. 

An explosion might occur as a result, of rupturing the tank or blowing the manhole cover off. It’s critical to double-check that the flues are completely covered before starting the burners. For improved drainage, many asphalt containers are designed with a slope or pitch. If the tank is positioned on an incline, one end or side may be higher than the other. You must ensure that the flue’s highest point is covered, as recommended by the equipment manufacturer.

Under no circumstances should the stoves be lit without the flues being covered to the appropriate depth! If the tank is just partly full, additional asphalt may need to be added before it can be heated.

Spraying asphalt when the burners are on is never a good idea.

If you sprinkle asphalt while the burners are on, you risk exposing the flue, which might result in a fire within the tank. Operating the burners while sprinkling will offer an ignition source for vapors created during spraying, perhaps resulting in a fire outside the tank. Before spraying, make sure the burners are turned off.

After the valves are turned off, LPG burners will maintain a flame for many minutes.

Keep all ignition sources away from manholes and container vents.

combustible gasses may escape when you open the manhole. The tank may contain combustible gases that are too strong to ignite. Fresh air or oxygen is supplied when the manhole is opened. Your cigarette becomes an ignition source, and you may become extra fuel. The tank vent is designed to allow flammable gases to escape. Hand torches, cigarettes, motor exhaust, and other ignition sources should be kept away from these fumes.

Maintain clean and open vent pipes.

The vapors will be able to leave and will not build up pressure within the tank if the vent line is kept free and open.

If a tank is leaking, do not operate or weld on it.

Before continuing to utilize a leaky tank, it must be fixed. An expert tank repair business should do the work. An “empty” tank might nevertheless contain dangerous fumes or asphalt. On a fuel tank, you would never contemplate welding. You should never attempt to weld an asphalt tank. A tank repair facility will contain sensors that can detect combustible vapors and decide whether or not the tank is safe to weld.

The risks that have been discovered are both real and serious. As you can see from a tiny sample of the asphalt tank fires or explosions that have occurred throughout the years, these dangers are not to be taken lightly.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQs), “Is asphalt flammable?”

What exactly is the difference between tar and asphalt?

Tar is a naturally occurring material that may be made from wood, peat, or coal. Bitumen, on the other side, is a petroleum-based substance. When a mixture of tiny pebbles, stones, sand, and other filler is combined with bitumen as a binding material, asphalt is created.

How flammable is bitumen?

Suffocation and possibly death may occur when heated bitumen leaks H2S gas into the air. Bitumen is very combustible, so keep cigarettes away from it. To reduce exposure, the combining and stirring activities should be done mechanically through a pump, and the combining and stirring processes should be enclosed wherever feasible.

What kind of asphalt is utilized in the construction of roads?

Hot mix asphalt is the most frequent asphalt type used on roads and pavements. It’s a weather-resistant pavement made up of a flexible combination of fine and coarse gravel and asphalt binder. At temperatures ranging from 300 to 350 ℉, Hot Mix Asphalt is warmed and poured.

Is burning asphalt toxic?

Although asphalt does not scream danger or possible occupational sickness, the vapors it emits may be very hazardous. Asphalt is a petroleum substance that may catch fire if not properly settled. It may irritate the skin, induce lung irritation, and create burns. Asphalt fumes have also been linked to cancer.

What happens if you take a bite out of asphalt?

Asphalt is difficult to swallow, but it has the potential to inflict major harm. A hole in the neck, esophagus, or stomach may emerge as a result of delayed damage. This may result in significant bleeding and infection.

Why is asphalt used in road construction?

Asphalt road surfaces provide several advantages, including cost savings, noise reduction, and comfort. Asphalt materials can boost the advantages for both road users and the environment when used in the maintenance of roads. Asphalt’s benefits simply add up to higher value.

References:

https://www.nj.gov/health/eoh/rtkweb/documents/fs/0170.pdf
https://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/chemical/10534
https://nj.gov/health/eoh/rtkweb/documents/fs/3197.pdf
https://www.osha.gov/laws-regs/standardinterpretations/2003-07-29
https://inchem.org/documents/icsc/icsc/eics0612.htm
https://sites.google.com/site/metropolitanforensics/the-explosive-danger-of-the-asphalt-fumes-a-reminder-after-the-asphalt-tank-explosion-at-la-crosse-wisconsin

What was missing from this post which could have made it better?

Leave a Comment