How to maintain a fire blanket (A Comprehensive Guide)

In this article we will answer the question,”How to maintain a fire blanket?” and also we will cover the topics like how to use the fire blanket?When to use a fire blanket? And few other important things related to how to maintain a fire blanket . 

How to Maintain a fire blanket?

  • Remove the cover from the fire blanket.
  • Make that the fire blanket and cover are in good working order.
  • Replace the fire blanket in its cover and make a service label with the details.
  • Examine the placement of the fire blanket to ensure that it is not too close to a fire hazard.
  • Ascertain that the fire blanket is fixed at the proper height and that it may be opened without difficulty.

What are fire blankets and how it works?

Fire blankets are basic but useful firefighting aids for minor fires in the early stages. They are usually installed in kitchens to extinguish flames caused by fat, oil, or grease, but they are also becoming more popular in other places where small fires may occur, such as caravans, schools, businesses, factories, and workshops.

Fire blankets can be used to wrap around a person whose clothes have ignited, or to wrap around the body to guard against fire, in addition to extinguishing fire away from the body.

Fire blankets for residential or business use are typically made of woven fibreglass with a particular fire resistant coating. They are folded inside an enclosure (typically made of plastic) with grab handles that allow the fire blanket to be quickly released. When the blanket is put over a fire, it deprives it of oxygen, causing it to go out before it spreads.

Size to How to maintain a fire blanket 

When you are asking a question “how to maintain a fire blanket?”, You should also look for it’s size. Fire blankets come in a variety of sizes, often ranging from 1.0m x 1.0m to 1.8m x 1.8m. When choosing fire blankets for your premise/s, keep in mind the potential size of the fire. This will help you choose the most appropriate blanket size.

When A Fire blanket be used?

Fire blankets should only be used to put out minor, smouldering fires. If the fire grows larger than the blanket at any stage or if flames break through the blanket, the premises should be evacuated immediately and emergency services notified.

What is the best location for fire blankets?

Fire blankets should be placed in any room or area where a fire could occur. Because fires can spread quickly, the placement of fire blankets is critical. They should be fastened or placed in an easily accessible location where they will not be harmed if a fire breaks out.

Certifications and Regulations for how to maintain a fire blanket

Fire blankets must meet the requirements of BS EN 1869:1997 and bear the BSi Kitemark. Although some government departments, councils, and official organisations still urge that fire blankets meet the requirements of BS6575, this standard was superseded in 1997 by BS EN 1869:1997. The BAFE mark may also be found on fire blankets.

To comply with the Fire Safety Order 2005, fire blankets in public or commercial settings must also have a fire blanket ID sign posted above them. Fire blanket ID signs come in a variety of materials, including  self-adhesive, solid plastic, and photo-luminescent (glow in the dark).

What are the BS EN 1869 requirements for how to maintain a fire blanket?

Fire blankets may appear to be simple, but there are some important guidelines to follow to guarantee that the blanket does what it is supposed to do: smother and extinguish a fire.

If you’re a building holder, a contractor, a fire risk assessor, a firefighter, or just operate in the fire industry, the information below will assist you in selecting, installing, maintaining, and commissioning a fire blanket (or go for someone who can).

First and foremost about how to maintain a fire blanket, fire blankets are intended to put out small fires in and around the kitchen and house. In some cases, the blanket alone may not be sufficient, and a compact fire extinguisher may be required, such as fires in small containers where the blanket acts as a lid, such as food in a saucepan or rubbish in a compact bin.

In all cases of probable fire causes, it is critical to assess the potential extent of the fire and, as a result, the size of the blanket necessary when you look for how to maintain a fire blanket. There are three sizes of BS EN 1869 fire blankets: 1.1m × 1.1m, 1.2m x 1.2m, and 1.8m x 1.2m. A smaller blanket could be appropriate for spilt candle wax on a counter or food in a frying pan or baking dish, but not for anything else. As a result, the usage of fire blankets should be adapted to the type of fire that will be encountered, and every opportunity should be made to train staff on how to utilise fire blankets and demonstrate their effectiveness.

How to maintain a fire blanket in a perfect location?

The next thing to note is that the location of the blanket and accessibility of said blanket are vitally important.  As you likely know, small fires can very quickly become large fires in a matter of minutes or even seconds, so the location of the blanket becomes particularly vital in these situations, since it will be used for first aid firefighting. 

Fire blankets should not be located where a potential fire might prevent access to them; over or close to heating appliances; in concealed positions behind kitchen furniture and/or equipment, behind doors, in cupboards, drawers or deep recesses; or where they might be damaged.

The optimum location for a fire blanket is on the wall, clearly designated with the appropriate markings, in a bright red colour, and easily visible. A fire blanket should be kept in the same room as the room where it will be used, and the user should not have to travel through any doorways to get to the blanket.

How to maintain a fire blanket under an inspection?

A visual inspection of the fire blanket should be performed as part of the commissioning process. Check that the fire blanket hasn’t been used, isn’t plainly damaged, and doesn’t have any missing or inadequately attached handheld devices.

It’s critical to return the blanket to the manufacturer’s specifications after any visual check. Replace any safety elements that indicate whether or not the blanket has been deployed, and make sure the blanket is clean and dust-free before reusing it.

How to use a Fire Blanket?

When a person’s clothing is on fire, a trained user will typically offer fire blankets. To deny the flames oxygen, closely wrap the blanket around the person. To put out the fire, the person must stop, drop, and roll’ once it has wrapped itself around them.

This activity may appear simple, but if someone is on fire, they will not remain still for the users to wrap the blanket over them!

Examine your security.

Relax a bit and evaluate the scenario. To begin, ensure that no one is in immediate danger. If you can’t safely approach the fire to drape the blanket over it, call 9-1-1 right away.

Turn off the power.

If the fire is fueled by an appliance, such as a stove or toaster, the electrical connection should be disconnected first. Unplug the gadget from the wall if it is safe to do so. Similarly, if the fire is fueled by gas, examine if the gas supply can be turned off.

Put your gloves on.

If you have gloves handy, We recommend putting them on before touching the blanket to avoid being pricked by the sharp fibres.

Take the blanket out of the sleeve.

A fire-resistant blanket is normally stored in a bag that is hung on the wall. At the bottom of the blanket, there are normally two tabs. Pull the tabs firmly together. The blanket is about to fall out of the sleeve. This is something you should look into in your manual.

Fold the blanket around your hands

When you get close to the fire, you don’t want your hands to be exposed to the flames. We recommend that you fold the blanket over your hands.

Protect yourself.

Approach the fire with caution, holding the blanket up as a screen between you and the fire.

Place the blanket over the fire with care.

Throwing the blanket is not a good idea. For this phase, it’s preferable if you’re calm and in command of the blanket. Throwing the blanket over the flames will not completely cover them and may even fan them, allowing the fire to spread.

Maintain the blanket’s position.

Then take a look around. If the fire looks to be out, keep the blanket on for another 30 minutes. Get a fire extinguisher if the flames are still blazing.

Call 9-1-1 and evacuate.

Bring in a trained firefighter to inspect the situation and give the all-clear.

Conclusion

This blog post answered the question ” How to maintain a fire blanket?”. We have explained the step by step process to maintain a fire blanket and how to use it. Now, you can easily maintain a fire blanket and use it in any condition.

FAQs: How to maintain a fire blanket

Is it necessary to service fire blankets?

Your fire blankets can be serviced by the same firm that looks after your fire extinguishers. A maintenance record should be attached to fire blankets. This should be indelibly written on a sturdy label that is firmly attached to the container and does not obscure any of the manufacturer’s markings or instructions.

When should you replace your fire blankets?

Although there are no legal requirements to change fire blankets within a specific time frame, the general rule is to replace fire blankets according to the manufacturer’s recommendations. This is usually between five and seven years after the purchase date.

What’s the best way to clean a fire blanket?

Each blanket should be washed individually in cool water with a light detergent. At a high water level, firmly agitate for two minutes. Use a bleaching agent sparingly. Only use two one-minute rinses, then spin dry.

Do fire blankets have a shelf life?

The manufacturer should include instructions on how to replace the blanket; as a general rule, the industry suggests replacing it after seven years.

When should you examine your fire blankets?

Fire blankets are basically fire extinguishers, and they should be inspected annually by a qualified engineer to ensure that they are safe and ready to use in the case of a fire. The fire blanket works by cutting off the oxygen supply to a fire, effectively suffocating it.

What is the ideal fire blanket size?

Small blankets are 10 square feet in size and are ideal for small cooking fires or garment fires. Medium blankets are typically 15-23 square feet in size and can be used to put out major kitchen and clothes fires.

References:

Robert Thilthorpe, FIA Technical Manager, The rules for fire blankets according to BS EN 1869, Retrieved from https://www.fia.uk.com/news/blogs/how-to-select-install-maintain-and-commission-a-fire-blanket-correctly.html

Fire blanket inspection, Retrieved from

https://www.protestesltd.co.uk/fire-blanket-inspection

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